The traditional heritage of Bangladesh Jamdani saree proudly holds its place in Bengali history from the time of its origin. Though it has faced many obstacles for so long due to political and socio-economical change, finally the government of Bangladesh undertook many initiatives to protect and promote this heritage. Since it has always been an elite product and requires intensive design and hard work of the craftsman, Dhakai jamdani saree cost is very low comparing to the craftsman skill and effort. In most cases, weavers of jamdani saree reside by the bank of the river to get uninterrupted supply of raw materials and require handloom which is easy to operate.
The time and labor that a craftsman provides during weaving that worth a very high amount of wage. Jamdani saree is so delicate that it needs to be woven in handlooms only, colors should be authentic and motifs over the saree requires a human hand. But the weavers get poor price when it comes to selling their products to the merchants. On the other hand, merchants sell the wholesale products at a high rate to the shops. As a result, the consumer price of jamdani saree becomes too high comparing the wholesale price that a jamdani craftsman gets. Few private organizations have addressed the sufferings of jamdani craftsman. Later many of them have come forward to find a solution to this matter. With government help they found ways to help jamdani saree weavers to increase their income and to do justice with their skill.
Dhakai jamdani saree cost is comparatively low than other handloom products. This cost includes wage of the weaver, cost of raw materials, electricity, availability of loom and capital. The prime reason behind the origin and continuous growth of jamdani saree in Dhaka region was the cultivation of fine cotton main material to weave jamdani saree and the availability of the needed raw materials was good in this region. There was a special type of cotton used to produce muslin and jamdani, bangla was the ideal land for cultivating this type of cotton. But with time after British colonial intervene weaving dhakai jamdani sarees fell in danger as the royal patronage stopped to facilitate jamdani weaving. After the partition of Bangla, jamdani saree weavers got scattered all over the regions of both east and West Bengal. Basically, from the time of partition until the time of liberation, was the most crucial time period for Bangladeshi jamdani saree industry as it was suffering from lack of proper advocacy. Though after liberation jamdani industry slowly revived. In the year of 2000 the number of weavers was around 16,000 and later in 2013 this number declined in 15,000. Around 2000 pieces of jamdani sarees were used to be manufactured every week in those years. The price range was at lowest 5000 tk to highest 40,000 tk. Bangladesh has exported jamdani sarees in countries like Middle East, North America, South Asia and Europe. India is the main competitor of Bangladesh in weaving jamdani sarees, is also the biggest importer of Bangladeshi jamdani sarees. From 2008 to 2009 jamdani saree exported 4.84 million dollars and from 2010 to 2011 jamdani saree exported 10.41 million dollars.
There are three types of jamdani weavers:
- The first: The first one buy raw material on their own, work on their own designs and then market their product through a variety of local channels.
- The second: The second one type are the weavers work under or linked with the master weavers, who receive the raw material and design brief from the master weaver and pass on
- The final: The final product to them and receive their weaving wages in return, and the last type of weavers are linked to the primary cooperative societies which procure raw material, pass it on to the attached weavers and pay them in return.
In narayanganj district jamdani saree produce in large scale in comparison to other regions. There is a traditional market in sonargaon, where in the early morning a jamdani saree hut held for selling jamdani saree at wholesale price. The weavers are the seller in this hut where the price of jamdani saree is reasonable. On the other hand the same sarees will be sold at high amount when it will be displayed in a showroom.